Effectiveness of Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy for Weight Loss in Morbid Obese Patients
Keywords:Effectiveness, Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, morbid obesity
Objective: To determine the effectiveness of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy for weight loss in morbidly obese patients at Capital Hospital, Islamabad.
Methodology: This descriptive case series study was done at Capital Hospital, CDA, Islamabad during a period of one-year from February 2019 to January 2020. All the patients with a body mass index of 35 or greater, with or without comorbidities, aged 18 to 65 years of either gender were included. All the patients underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy for weight loss. The procedure was performed under general anaesthesia by an experienced consultant surgeon after taking informed consent. At the 1st, third, and 6th month’s follow-up, postoperative weight loss was noted. Effectiveness was taken in terms of > 10% weight loss maintained at 6 months. The study proforma was used to gather all the data, and SPSS version 26 was used to analyse it.
Results: The overall study participants' average age was 57± 9.77 years, and females were in the majority (62%). Overall, laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy was effective in 85% of patients and was not effective in 15% of patients. The average BMI was 37.31 kg/m2. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy showed effectiveness in 57 (85%) patients, while 10 (15%) of the patients' weight was not lost. Effectiveness was statistically insignificant according to age, gender, and comorbidities, p-values were quite insignificant (>0.05).
Conclusion: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy was observed to be an effective technique for weight loss in morbid obese patients. It did decrease the morbidities and improve the quality of life.
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