Bacterial Pathogens in Pediatric Urinary Tract Infections: A Surveillance Study
Keywords:Urinary tract infection, Microorganism
Objective: To determine the distribution of microorganisms causing urinary tract infections in children.
Study design: Descriptive cross sectional study.
Place and Duration of study: Study was conducted from October 2015 to April 2016 at Pediatric Department, Combined Military Hospital Multan.
Patients and Methods: One hundred and fifty one Children between age groups >28 days to 12 years of both gender with UTI were included in the study. Urinary tract infection was diagnosed on the basis of a positive urine culture report. Among positive urine culture results, the frequency of different microorganisms was calculated. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 20. Descriptive statistics were used to calculate qualitative and quantitative variables. Qualitative variables like gender, microorganisms were measured as frequencies and percentages. A quantitative variable like age was measured as mean and standard deviation.
Results: Age range in this study was from > 28days to 12 years with a mean age of 4.149 ± 2.92 years. 38 (25.2%),64 (42.4%),49 (32.5) patients were from age group 29 days to 1 year, >1 year to 5 years and >5 years to 12 years respectively. Out of 151, 58 (38.4%) patients were males and 93 (61.6%) females. E. coli was seen in 106 (70.2%) patients. Klebsiella was seen in 22 (14.6%) patients. Proteus was seen in 15 (9.9%).
Conclusion: Frequency of microorganisms causing urinary tract in children in this study was not significantly different from that of other developing and developed countries.