Ectopic Pregnancy: An Analysis of Prevalence and Clinical Magnitude


  • Naushaba Malik Consultant Radiologist, PESSI Hospital, Islamabad.
  • Tehmina Munir Ahmed Consultant Radiologist, IDC, Islamabad.
  • Maryam Rauf Shifa international hospital,Islamabad
  • Shah Bakht Aftab Post Graduate Surgery Resident, PIMS, Islamabad
  • M. Nasib Ahmed Fellow of Institute of Actuar
  • Sara Jamil Khan Obstetrics and Gynaecology RHQ Chilas



Ectopic pregnancy, abdominal pain


Objective: To determine the prevalence and clinical manifestations and symptoms associated with ectopic pregnancy

Methodology: This retrospective observational study was done at Pessi Hospital, I-12, Islamabad with collaboration of different Hospitals for the data collection. From October 2021 to September 2022. Patients of reproductive age presenting with symptoms suggestive of ectopic pregnancy and confirmed through diagnostic tests such as ultrasound, serum beta-hCG levels, or surgical findings were included. After taking demographic information including age, parity, gravidity, and reproductive history is collected for each patient, clinical data related to ectopic pregnancy diagnosis were recorded. Descriptive statistics are employed to summarize demographic characteristics, prevalence rates, and clinical pattern of ectopic pregnancy cases.

Results: Overall prevalence of ectopic pregnancy was found 1.4%. Overall mean age of the women was 33.39+5.48 years. Family history was positive among 36.1% of the cases. In terms to the clinical presentation of patients with ectopic pregnancy, pain and bleeding were most common clinical features, 91.80% and 79.40% respectively, followed by shock 4.5% and 18.0% had others multiple clinical features and 5.8% were asymptomatic.

Conclusion: In conclusion, ectopic pregnancy was observed at a rate of 1.4%, indicating its continued significance as a health concern. Pain and bleeding were observed to the most common clinical features.






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