Comparison of Frequency of Hypothermia in Preterm and Low Birth Weight Infant Managed with Plastic Bag Versus Conventional Method
Objective: To compare the frequency of hypothermia in preterm and low birth weight infant managed with plastic bag VS conventional method Study Design: Randomized Control Trial with Consecutive Non probability sampling.
Place and Duration of Study: Neonatal unit of Sheikh Zayed Hospital. From October 2014 to November 2016
Methodology: A total of 200 (100 in each group) preterm Neonates gestational age <37 completed weeks, having birth weight <2.5kg of male and female babies were included, informed consent from parents/attendants were taken. Quantitative variables like gestational age, birth weight and temperature was presented by mean and standard deviation, qualitative variables like gender and presence of hypothermia was presented by frequency and percentage in both groups.
Results: In our study, mean gestational age of the mothers was recorded as 33.54+1.76 weeks in Group-A and 33.46+1.82 weeks in Group-B. 54%(n=54) in Group-A and 47%(n=47) were male while 46%(n=46) in Group-A and 53%(n=53) in Group-B were females, in a Group B by conventional method hypothermia was recorded as 69% (n=69) Group-A 45%(n=45). While remaining 31%(n=31) in GroupA and 55%(n=55) in Group-B had no findings of the morbidity, p value was calculated as 0.000 showing a significant result in favor of plastic bag method. Conclusion: We concluded that by using plastic bags we reduced the frequency of hypothermia in preterm and low birth weight infant managed with plastic bag is significantly reduced when compared with conventional method. However, our data is primary in our population and needs some other studies for its validation.