Severity of Post Obturation Pain in Single Versus Multiple Sittings Endodontic Treatment Using Rotary Nickle Titanium Instruments

Authors

  • Nouman Noor School of Dentistry (SOD), Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Medical University, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Rahima Azhar RIHS Islamabad
  • Rafia Sartaj Bakhtawar Amin Medical & Dental College, Multan
  • Hasan Mujtaba School of Dentistry (SOD), Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Medical University (SZABMU), Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Sadaf Humayoun RIHS Islamabad
  • Muhammad Mohsin Javaid School of Dentistry (SOD), Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Medical University/PIMS, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Athar Project Assistant, Indus Hospital and Health network, Islamabad

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.48036/apims.v19i3.764

Keywords:

Endodontic treatment, RCT, Single visit, Visual-analogue scale

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the significant difference in the incidence and severity of post-obturation pain following single-visit and multiple-visit root canal treatments.

Methodology: This study was conducted in the Operative Dentistry Department of Rawal Dental Hospital in Islamabad. A total of 156 patients were randomly assigned to two groups, with 78 participants in each group. Prior to treatment, all participants were asked to mark a horizontal scale to indicate the intensity of their pain. After 24 hours of treatment, participants were questioned about their pain using a Visual-Analogue Scale. SPSS- 20 was used & Independent T-test was done for an analysis. P<0.05 was well-thought-out as statistically significant.

Results: The study comprised 93 male participants (59.6%) and 63 female participants (40%). Among the treated teeth, 80 (51%) were anterior teeth, and 76 (48%) were posterior teeth. The mean Visual-Analogue Scale (VAS) and standard deviation (SD) for Group 1 before treatment were 9.12 and 1.98, respectively, while for Group 2, they were 8.76 and 1.03, respectively. After 24 hours post-operatively, the mean VAS and S.D for Group 1 were 5.58 and 1.92, and for Group 2, they were 4.86 and 1.18, respectively. An independent sample t-test revealed a statistically insignificant variation in pre- and post-operative pain levels in both groups.

Conclusion: The incidence of pain was lower in the multi-visit group compared to the single-visit group, but this difference was not statistically significant.

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Published

2023-09-07

Issue

Section

Original Articles