Comparison of the Mesio-Distal Widths of the Maxillary and Mandibular Central Incisors between Cleft Lip And Palate Individuals
Keywords:Cleft lip and palate, tooth abnormalities, tooth size discrepancy
Objective: To compare the mesiodistal widths of the maxillary and mandibular central incisors of the cleft lip and palate individuals with non cleft individuals, in a local population
Methodology: A total of 80 casts (50 of cleft patients and 50 normal) were selected from department of orthodontics. Mesiodistal width of maxillary and mandibular central incisors was measured with vernier caliper. Independent t test was applied to compare mesiodistal width of maxillary and mandibular central incisors between normal and cleft patients.
Results : The mean MD width for the maxillary central incisors was 6.58 ± 1.16mm and 7.67 ±1.18mm for the CLP and control group respectively. The mean MD width for the mandibular central incisors was 4.22± 0.91 mm and 4.67 ± 0.9 mm for the CLP and control group respectively. student t test showed a significant difference in the MD width of both the maxillary and mandibular central incisors between the CLP and control group.
Conclusion: The patients suffering from cleft lip and palate are associated with diminutive central incisors in both jaws.
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