Outcome of Kangaroo Mother Care in Preterm , Low birth weight neonates ; a randomized control trial

Authors

  • Nadeem Ahmad PIMS
  • Syeda Shireen Gull SZABMU/PIMS
  • MUHAMMAD HAYAT KHAN
  • FASIH HASHMI AIOU, ISLAMABAD
  • AZKA BATOOL OBSGYNAE DEPT PIMS, ISLAMABAD
  • AMBREEN FATIMA neonatology dept PIMS, ISLAMABAD

Abstract

Abstract

Objective: To compare the mean weight gain, duration of hospital stay and mortality rate in preterm/low birth weight neonates given Kangaroo Mother Care as compared to neonates not given KMC admitted in Neonatology Dept.

Study design:Randomized Control Trial (RCT)

Place and duration of study:The study was conducted in department of Neonatology, Children hospital, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS), Islamabad from July to December, 2021. Methodology: The neonates who were admitted in Neonatology department due to prematurityor have low birth weight with no hemodynamically instability were included in the study. The selected neonates were divided into two groups. Group A neonates were given Kangaroo Mother Care whereas the neonates of group B were given conventional care.

Results:Overall 60 neonates were included in the study. The both groups were unbiased with respect to base line characteristics i.e. gestational age, Age at start of the study, birth weight, length and OFC. The result showed that the both groups were not significantly different with respect to duration of hospital stay, proportion of early discharge from hospital with p value 0.171 and 0.152 respectively. There was no significant improvement found in neonatal length and OFC at any time till the last follow-up after 2 week between two groups, whereas neonatal weight was significantly increased in KMC group at second follow-up with p value 0.036.

Conclusion: KMC was found to be affective for weight gain in neonates as compared to the conventional care.

Key words: Kangaroo Mother Care, Low birth weight, Neonate hospital stay, Preterm

 

 

Author Biographies

Syeda Shireen Gull, SZABMU/PIMS

ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR NEONATOLOGY, CHILDREN HOSPITAL PIMS/SZABMU, ISLAMABAD

MUHAMMAD HAYAT KHAN

SENIOR FELLOW NEONATOLOGY , PIMS, ISLAMABAD

AZKA BATOOL, OBSGYNAE DEPT PIMS, ISLAMABAD

SENIOR RESIDENT OBGYNAE MCH, PIMS, ISLAMABAD

AMBREEN FATIMA, neonatology dept PIMS, ISLAMABAD

SENIOR FELLOW NEONATOLOGT, PIMS

Published

2022-09-11

Issue

Section

Original Articles