Relationship of Diabetes Mellitus Among The Patients Reporting With Facial Space Infection
Keywords:Odontogenic infections, diabetes Mellitus, immunity, susceptibility
Objective: To determine the frequency of diabetic patients having Odontogenic Maxillofacial space infections in local population.
Methodology: This cross sectional study was carried out from 1-3-2020 to August 2020 in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad, to assess the frequency and association of diabetics with facial space infection. A total of 70 patients of both genders with Odontogenic maxillofacial infection were included in the study. Patients were stratified into three age groups; Age group 1 was from 18-30, Age group 2 from 31-45 years and Age group 3 from 46-60 years. This form includes demographic data (age, gender, contact information, address), medical history (diabetic or non-diabetic) along with sign and symptoms were noted in the Performa. The SPSS version 20.0 was used to analyze the data. Mean and standard deviation was calculated for age. Frequency and percentages were used for the gender and diabetes mellitus.
Results: A total of 70 patients having Odontogenic maxillofacial space infection. Of these 70 study cases, 42 (60%) were females and 28 (40%) were males with mean age of 40.97±10.32 years. Out of 70 patients, 55 (78.57%) were diabetic and 15 (21.43%) patients were non-diabetic patients.
Conclusion: Diabetic patients are more prone to Odontogenic maxillofacial space infections and due to poor diabetic control multispace infection along with severe complications may occur.
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