Quality Of Life of Women, Pre- and Post-Operative Breast Cancer Surgery
Keywords:Quality of Life, Pre-Operative, Post Operative, Breast Cancer, Surgery
Background: Breast cancer is a painful disease that deteriorates the quality of life (QoL) of affected women in all aspects of life. It is of particular importance to determine the factors that manipulate the assessment of QoL.
Objective: to evaluate the Quality of Life (QoL) of women with breast cancer who came for treatment in surgery department before diagnosis and post-operative time period. The QoL findings are co-related to the socio-economic status.
The determination of the factors that predict changes in quality of life provides important information for clinical practice and can be used for the development of evidence-based guidelines in the design of breast cancer follow-up protocols.
Study Design: Retrospective Cohort study
Place and Duration of Study: General surgery Department, Islamabad Medical complex, Nescom, from January 2018 to January 2020.
Methodology: 74 diagnosed breast cancer patients, above 18 years of age, who underwent surgical treatment (MRM and Axillary clearance), were selected. QoL was assessed with the help of EORTC QLQ C-30 and EORTC BR-23 questionnaire Proforma as assessment tool. SPSS 20 was used to analyze the data and Wilcoxon test and Kruskal-Wallis test were performed.
Results: The QoL assessed at pre and post operative stage showed positive results only in the future prospects and emotional function domain. Whereas, negative results were scored in rest of the domains, which are symptoms in the arm, body image, financial concerns, sexual pleasure, cognitive function and physical function.
Conclusion: The need for a multidisciplinary approach for breast cancer patients is required regarding different dimensions that can improve their QoL.
Key Words: Breast cancer, breast carcinoma, Quality of Life (QoL), women, surgery.
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