Immature Platelet Fraction in Patients with Chronic Liver Disease, A Marker for Evaluating Cirrhotic Changes.


  • Muhammad Javaid Iqbal Assistant professor of pathology, Aziz Fatima Medical and Dental College, Faisalabad
  • Muhammad Usman Associate Professor of pathology, Aziz Fatima Medical and Dental College, Faisalabad
  • Mubarak Ali Anjum Assistant Professor of Medicine, Aziz Fatima Medical and Dental College, Faisalabad
  • Yasir Yaqoob Senior Registrar Medicine, Aziz Fatima Medical and Dental College, Faisalabad
  • Ghulam Mujtaba Nasir Doctoral Researcher, Horizon 2020, Mari Sklodowska-Curie, European Fellowship at Robert Gordon University, UK
  • Haroon Rashid Khan Public Health Specialist, Department of Community Medicine, Islamabad Medical and Dental College, Islamabad



Liver disease, Liver Cirrhosis, Multivariate Discriminant Analysis


Objective: To evaluate the role of Immature platelet fraction in patients with chronic liver disease, a marker for evaluating cirrhotic changes.

Methodology: This case control study was conducted at department of Pathology, Aziz Fatima Medical and Dental College, Faisalabad, over a period of Seven months from June 2020 to January 2021. A total of 126 participants were included in the study consisting of 63 patients with chronic liver disease in group A and 63 participants without any known disease in group B as control. The IPF master program in combination with XE-2100 multiparameter automatic hematology analyzer was used to measure the immature platelet fraction. Ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid was used to collect the blood sample for IPF measurement and was maintained till analysis on room temperature. Ten repeated analyses, immediately and after 24 hours were done for reproducibility of IPF%.

Results: The mean age of liver disease patients was 52.35 ± 13.64 years and in control group the mean age was 51.62 ± 11.27 years. There was no significant (p-value > 0.05) difference between both groups based on age and gender. The hemoglobin level and red cell count was found to be significantly (p-value < 0.05) reduced in cases group. While white blood cells count was comparable in both groups. The mean platelet count was significantly (p-value < 0.05) less in cases group (163.5 ± 90.4 vs 233.4 ± 54.5 (x10*3/µl). The mean value of immature platelet fraction (IPF%) was significantly (p-value < 0.05) raised in cases group (5.62 ± 2.92 vs 3.06 ± 1.87). The multivariate discriminant analysis (MDA) score showed a significant (p-value < 0.05) association with chronic hepatis as compared to other liver related diseases.

Conclusions: In chronic liver disease patients, there is an inverse relationship between platelet count and IPF% with decreased platelet count and increased IPF%. The proposed MDA function can be used to identify the cirrhotic changes in liver disease patients.






Original Articles