Frequency of Myocardial Infarction in Type 2 Diabetic Patients with Peripheral Arterial Disease
Keywords:Diabetes Mellitus, Peripheral Arterial Disease, Myocardial infarction, Ischemic heart disease
Objective: This study aimed at determining the frequency of MI in diabetic Pakistani patients with PAD in a Pakistani tertiary care hospital.
Methodology: A cross-sectional study carried out at Diabetes Research Centre, Nishtar Hospital Multan for six months from July 10, 2018 to January 09, 2019. The study was approved from the institutional ethics committee. As per study inclusion/exclusion criteria, the patients suffering from DM with PAD were enrolled, after signing the study informed consent. Each patient underwent electrocardiogram (ECG) recording under PI supervision. Patients having pathological Q waves (0.04 seconds wide and 2 mm deep) in two relevant leads were labeled as having myocardial infarction.
Results: A total of 290 patients (men: 56.2% and women: 43.8%) were included in the study. Mean age of the patients was 51.29 ± 8.54 years with age range of 40-85 years. There were 71 (24%) smokers and 219 (76%) non-smoker patients. Fifty percent of the total patients were obese. Mean duration of diabetes was 7.39 ± 0.36 years whereas mean duration of peripheral arterial disease was 1.604 ± 0.005 years. The frequency of MI among diabetic patients with PAD was 14.8%.
Conclusion: Prevalence of 14.8% MI in the present study alarms to diagnose and treat diabetes and PAD patients at earlier stage.
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