Postoperative outcome of early appendectomy in patients having appendicular mass by laparoscopic surgery
Keywords:Early appendectomy, Appendicular mass, Laparoscopic surgery
Objective: To determine the frequency of postoperative outcome of early appendectomy in patients having appendicular mass by laparoscopic surgery.
Methodology: It was a descriptive & case series study. Study was conducted in the department of surgery Liaquat University Hospital Jamshoro/Hyderabad, during the time period of Jan 2015 to Dec 2017. Patients were both gender and patients aged between 10-40 years having tender and palpable right iliac fossa mass on clinical examination confirmed on ultrasound abdomen as appendicular mass. Patients with mass in right iliac fossa but with associated features like fixed and immobile mass for more than 1 month, bleeding per rectum, history of weight loss, cardio respiratory diseases like recent myocardial infarction, congestive cardiac failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and renal diseases like glomerulonephritis, nephrotic syndrome and renal failure etc, gynecological and obstetrical diseases in female patients were excluded from the study. The postoperative hospital stay was counted and wound infection was noted.
Results: During the study period of one year, total of 73 patients with appendicular mass were included in this study. The age range 10 to 40 years with mean age ± SD (range) was 25.75±9.2 years. Out of them 46 (63.0%) were male whereas 27(37.0 %) were females During operation we found appendicular abscess in 12(16.43%) cases followed by perforated appendix in 10(13.69%) cases, while during operations we found in adhesions in 15(20.5%) cases and difficulty in localisation of appendix 06 (8.21%) cases. The mean hospital stay + SD (range) was 4.91 +1.65 (3-9 days). Wound infection was seen in 15(20.5 %) cases.
Conclusion: Early appendectomy can be safely performed in appendix mass without any increased risk of mortality and morbidity. The outcome of early surgical management of appendicular lump showed benefits for single hospitalization, shorter hospital stay and lower treatment costs .
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