Comparison between Right and Left Hemisphere Lesion of Stroke Patients for Functional Gait Assessment
Keywords:Hemispheric lesion, Stroke, Disabilities, Functional gait assessment scale (FGA), Walking abilities, Stroke rehabilitation, Gait
Objective: To compared the functional gait among left and right hemisphere lesion patients of stroke.
Methods: This cross sectional comparative study included 126 patients with right and left sided hemispheric lesion. The study was conducted from December 2019 to March 2020. Patients were selected consecutively from different hospitals and rehabilitation centers of Lahore, Pakistan on the basis of inclusion & exclusion criteria. Functional gait assessment (FGA) scale was used to measure functional gait performance and disturbance related to balance in stroke patients. Independent sample t-test was used for comparison of functional gait between left and right hemispheric lesions. A p-value â‰¤ .05 was taken statistically significant.
Results: A total of 126 patients of stroke with right and left sided hemisphere lesion were assessed for functional gait assessment. The mean age of patients in group A and B was 54.19Â±8.54 years and 51.46Â±8.57 years, respectively. The mean weight of patients in group A and B was 61.95Â±8.82 kg and 58.67Â±5.83 kg, respectively. Functional gait assessment mean score in group A was 12.56Â±2.60 and in group B was 15.59Â±4.17 points with p-value of 0.001. There was a significant difference of FGA scores present between the two groups.
Conclusions: The study concluded that ambulatory functions differ with respect to site of hemisphere lesion. The site of hemisphere lesion impact on patient's functional gait has statistically significant.
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