Organisms Causing Urinary Tract Infection Among Pediatric Patients Presenting at Abbasi Shaheed Hospital, Karachi
Objective: To assess the organisms causing urinary tract infection in pediatric patients presenting at Abbasi Shaheed Hospital, Karachi.
Methodology: This cross sectional study was conducted at Paediatric Department of Abbasi Shaheed Hospital, Karachi, from March 2016 to September 2016. All the patients with UTI for more than 48 hours, age 6 months to 12 years, of either gender were enrolled in the study. The urine specimens were taken in a sterile manner by a researcher from each patient and sent to the hospital laboratory for a culture test. Antibiotics were discontinued for 72 hours before the collection of urine samples. Urine specimens were submitted to the laboratory in 1 hour of collection. All the data was recorded in the proforma.
Results: Overall 174 subjects with urinary tract infection were studied, their mean age was 4.14±1.09 years. Female children were in majority 103 (59.2%). The most common bacterial pathogens were Escherichia Coli 74 (42.5%) and Klebsiella Pneumoniae 59(33.9%) followed by Proteus 24(13.8%), Pseudomonas Aeruginosa 13 (7.5%), and Staphylococcus Aureus 04 (2.3%). Escherichia Coli was insignificantly associated with age groups, while Klebsiella Pneumoniae, Proteus, Pseudomonas Aeruginosa, and Staphylococcus Aureus were found significantly associated with the age group of 7-9 years, p-values were quite significant. There was no significant difference among bacterial pathogens according to gender; p-values were quite insignificant.
Conclusion: Escherichia Coli, Klebsiella Pneumoniae, and Proteus were the commonest pathogens, causing urinary tract infection among children.
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