Personality factors and burnout among medical students and house officers
Objective: To determine the personality factors relevance with the burn out among health professionals.
Methodology: The cross-sectional study was conducted government medical colleges and hospitals of Lahore, from Feb 2017 to Nov 2017. Participants were selected through purposive sampling assessment of burnout. The abbreviated nine items inventory “abbreviated Maslach Burnout Inventory (aMBI) was used and the short form of “Zukerman Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire” (ZKPQ) was used to assess the personality characteristics of participants. “Regression Analysis” was used for assessment of predictive relationship between personality and burnout.
Results: A total of 240 participants were included. Two personality factors Neuroticism-anxiety (N-anx) and Activity (Act) appeared as significant predictor of “Emotional Exhaustion” among house officers and final year medical students (p<.001) and other personality factors of Impulsive sensation seeking (ImpSS), Aggression-hostility (Agg-host), and Sociability (Sy) showed non-significant relationship with “Emotional Exhaustion”. Neuroticism-anxiety (N-Anx) appears as significant predictor of “Depersonalization” among house officers and final year medical students (p<.00)1, Activity (Act) appears as significant predictor of “Personal Accomplishment” among house officers and final year medical students (p <.003).
Conclusion: Combination of high neuroticism-anxiety and high activity are the predicting personality factors for burnout.
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