Awareness and Knowledge Regarding Cervical Cancer Screening and its Association with Demographic Characteristics
Keywords:Cervical Cancer, HPV, HPV vaccine
Objective: To assess awareness and knowledge regarding cervical cancer screening, Pap smear screening, HPV infection, vaccine and their association with demographic characteristics.
Methodology: This is a questionnaire based cross sectional study with a sample size of 100 female patients. This study was conducted in (OB/GYN OPD) in tertiary care setting of Military Hospital and Combined Military Hospital, Rawalpindi. Duration of study was 1 month April 2018.
Results: Only 44.4% of patients had heard about cervical cancer. Awareness regarding PAP smear and HPV vaccination was present in around 20% patients. The results of the study revealed that higher socio-economic status (p=0.048) and education (p=0.03) was linked to more awareness regarding cervical cancer. Educational status had a linear relationship.
Conclusion: The lack of knowledge to cervical cancer occurs in higher socio economic class also. There is a need of more education for increased awareness in all patients to enhance uptake of preventive strategies