Magnitude of Diabetes Mellitus in Upper Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage


  • Moomal Bhutto FCPS gastroenterology at Isra University Hospital Hyderabad
  • Prem Kumar Associate Professor of gastroenterology, Isra University Hospital Hyderabad
  • Nadeem Bajkani Assistant Professor, gastroenterology of Gumbat Hospital Khairpur
  • Shabana Lakho Assistant Professor of gastroenterology, Chandka Medical College Larkana
  • Chaman Das Senior Registrar of gastroenterology, MMC Mirpur Khas
  • Dolat Singh Assistant Professor of Medicine, Indus Medical College TM Khan



Diabetes Mellitus, Hospital readmission, Upper Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage


Objective: To determine the frequency of diabetes mellitus in patients presenting with upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage.

Methodology: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at Department of Gastroenterology, Isra University Hospital, Hyderabad, from February, 2020 to August, 2020. All individuals aged 18 to 60 years, of both genders, and those experiencing upper gastrointestinal bleeding were enrolled. A 5ml blood sample was taken to evaluate the blood sugar level. DM was defined as fasting plasma glucose > 7 mmol/I (126 mg/dl), or 2 hours post prandial plasma glucose >11 mmol/I (200mg/dl). All the collected information was entered into the predesigned proforma. Data was analyzed using SPSS v. 23.0.

Results: The mean age was 42.1 ± 11.2 years, and the mean body mass index (BMI) was 26.4 ± 6.1 kg/m². Among 184 patients, 73 (39.7%) were male, and 111 (60.3%) were female. Diabetes mellitus was found in 21 (11.4%) patients. Stratification of age groups, gender, BMI, and socioeconomic status with DM among individuals with upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage found to be statistically insignificant (p >0.05).

Conclusion: Upon investigation of the prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus in cases of Upper Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage, notable results were found, revealing an observed incidence of DM at 11.4%. This emphasizes a significant presence of DM within this cohort, so prompt additional investigation into the connection between DM and Upper Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage are recommended.






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